Spots, zits, pimples, acne. It doesnt matter what you call it, how severe it is, or what has caused it. Its never very pleasent. But why do we get spots? What is it that creates a build of of white or black “stuff” under our skin, in our pores. Alot of people relate spots to dirt or filth, even though this isnt the case.
There are four main factors that come into producing spots, or acne:
- If your body is producing too much of the natural oil in your skin
- Dead skin cells that are unable to function like healthy ones
- A build up clogging your pores
- Or an infection caused by bacteria
So Where Do Pimples Appear?
Acne normally covers:
- The Face – Almost everyone with acne is affected here
- The Neck
- The Back – Over 50% of people are affected here
- The Shoulders
- The Chest – About 15% affected here
This is because these parts of your skin contain a higher amount of oil glands. Also known as Sebaceous glands. When your body creates too much oil in these places, combined with dead skin cells, it blocks your hair folicles causing a spot.
Acne is caused when tiny holes in the skin, known as hair follicles, become blocked. – NHS
Oil glands are connecteed to you rhair follicles, and these glands create an oily substance called sebum, This naturally lubricates the hair and skin. Sebum will usually travel alont the hair and through the surface of hair follicles. Releasing it self to the surface of your skin. So the excess oil and dead skin combine into like a glue and block the hair follicle, causing a spot.
What Do Spots, Zits and Black Heads Look Like?
Blackheads On Someones Nose
Small black or yellowish bumps that develop on the skin; they’re not filled with dirt, but are black because the inner lining of the hair follicle produces pigmentation (colouring)
Have a similar appearance to blackheads, but may be firmer and won’t empty when squeezed
Small red bumps that may feel tender or sore
Similar to papules, but have a white tip in the centre, caused by a build-up of pus
Large hard lumps that build up beneath the surface of the skin and can be painful
The most severe type of spot caused by acne; they’re large pus-filled lumps that look similar to boils and carry the greatest risk of causing permanent scarring